Chip colors found in home sets typically include red, white, blue, and sometimes green and black; however, more recently a wide assortment of colors have become readily available, particularly in lower-cost ABS plastic chips. They will sometimes contain an image of the animal associated with the year and are issued in a variety of colors.
All states require that casinos have a set of chips in reserve casino jeton alternate markings,[ citation needed ] though they may not be required to have exactly the same number of reserve chips as they do on the floor.
Several casinos sell custom-made sets of chips and one or two decks of cards stamped with the name of the casino on them. Low-denomination yellow chips vary in value: This encourages customers to keep them for souvenirs, at a profit to the casino.
UV markings can be made on the inlay. For example, regulations in New Jersey  and Illinois  specify similar uniform colors. The edge spots, or inserts, are not painted on; to achieve this effect, this area of the clay is removed and then casino jeton with clay of a different color; this can be done to each chip individually or a strip can be taken out of a cylindrical block of material and replaced with the alternate color before the block is cut into chips.
Though aids such as chip trays are far more common. All US states where gambling is legal require that casino chips have a unique combination of edge spots for identification, the name and location of the casino and the chip's value, if any, impressed, printed, or molded onto the obverse and reverse of the token.
Inlays are typically made of paper and are then clad with a plastic film applied to the chip prior to the compression molding process. The vast majority of authentic casino chips are "clay" chips but can be more accurately described as compression molded chips.
Counterfeit chips are casino jeton. At least some percentage of the chips is of an earthen material such as sand, chalk, and clay similar to that found in cat litter.
In casinos, uniform chip colors and sizes are sometimes specified by the local gaming control board for consistency. The uniform weight of the casino's official tokens allows them to weigh great stacks or heaps of chips rather than tally them.
Authentic clay chip manufactured for home use. Also being used by one manufacturer, Palm Gaming, is an audible taggant incorporated into the ceramic chip blank.
A standard piece set of Plastic Injection chips often sold as "clay composite" chips. March Learn how and when to casino jeton this template message Money is exchanged for tokens casino jeton a casino at the casino cage, at the gaming tables, or at a cashier station.
Palm Gaming is even manufacturing custom made molds for their ceramic gaming chips- adding yet another high level of security to its gaming chip. In television[ edit ] The first game show to use them, Duelhad a variation in which the contestants answer questions using oversized casino tokens.
There are less expensive chips for the home market, made from various forms of plastic and plastic covered metal slugs as well. This distinguishes a casino's chips from others, since each chip and token on the gaming floor has to be backed up with the appropriate amount of cash.
Such chips are often yellow or orange. Common additional colors are pink, purple, yellow, orange, and grey. In 19th-century America, there was enough of a tradition of using blue chips for higher values that "blue chip" in noun and adjective senses signaling high-value chips and high-value property are attested since andrespectively. Unlike modern poker chips, they were colored differently only to determine casino jeton ownership for purposes of settling payments at the end of the game, with different denominations differentiated by different shapes that each counter type had.
Most chips were white, red, blue, and yellow, but they could be made in almost any color desired. Furthermore, it is observed that consumers gamble more freely with replacement currencies than with cash. However, this technique is costly and considered by many to be unnecessary to profit.
Security[ edit ] Each casino has a unique set of chips, even if the casino is casino jeton of a greater company. History[ edit ] The ancestors of the modern casino token were the counters used to keep score in the card games Ombre and Quadrille. This section does not cite any sources.
In addition, with the exception of Nevada, casinos are not permitted to honor another casino's chips.
Also, this technology provides minimal benefits in games with layouts that do not provide gamblers with their own designated betting casino jeton, such as craps. Variations[ edit ] Several casinos, such as the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, issue "limited edition" varied-designed chips, commemorating various events, though retaining a common color scheme.
Early poker players sometimes used jagged gold pieces, gold nuggets, gold dust, or coins as well as "chips" primarily made of ivory, bone, wood, paper, and a composition made from clay and shellac.
This attribute also enables the pit boss or security to quickly verify the amount being paid, reducing the chance that a dealer might incorrectly pay a customer.
Most casinos using receipts have automated machines at which customers may redeem receipts, eliminating the need for coin counting windows and decreasing labor costs. Because eight is considered a lucky number in Chinese culture, chips denominated 8, 88, and e. Casinos, though, are prepared for this situation.
Modern clay chips are a composition of materials more durable than clay alone. Newer designs in home chips include three-color designs where a three-step molding process creates a chip with unique base, secondary, and detail colors.
Because the chips have no cash value, usually chips are designed with a single color usually differing in shade or tone from the version on the casino floora smaller breadth, and a basic mark on the interior to distinguish denominations; however, at certain events such as the World Series of Poker or other televised pokerchips approach quality levels of chips on the floor.
Custom color combinations on the chip edge edge spots are usually distinctive to a particular casino. Each set is contained in a small briefcase or box.
The process used to make these chips is a trade secretand varies slightly by manufacturer, most being relatively expensive and time-consuming per chip. Because of the uniform size, shape, and patterns of stacks of chips, they are easier to tally compared to currency.
Tokens are employed for several reasons. In certain casinos, such as the Wynn and Encore Casinos in Las Vegas, chips are embedded with RFID tags to help casinos keep better track of them, determine gamblers' average bet sizes, and to make them harder for counterfeiters to reproduce.
During the molding process the inlay becomes permanently fastened to the chip and can not be removed from the chip without destroying the inlay. The World Series of Poker at one time actually used its casino tokens for the poker tournaments, but in more recent years has had special Paulson WSOP clay sets made for the tournaments.